‘An Extraordinary Discovery’: Archeologists Find Neanderthal Remains In Cave Near Rome

H.J. Mai

Archaeologists discovered the fossilized remains of nine Neanderthals at a prehistoric cave site south of Rome, the Italian Cultural Ministry announced on Saturday. 

The oldest of the remains date from between 90,000 and 100,000 years ago, while the other eight are believed to be younger, dating from 50,000 to 68,000 years ago. 

The findings include skulls, skull fragments, two teeth and other bone fragments. The fossilized bones were found at the Guattari Cave in San Felice Circeo, which is roughly 56 miles southeast of Rome.

A Neanderthal skull was discovered there in 1939, according to the Associated Press. The ministry said the latest discovery confirms Guattari Cave as “as one of the most significant places in the world for the history of Neanderthals.”

This image released by the Italian Culture Ministry shows a cave near Rome where fossil findings were discovered, shedding new light on how the Italian peninsula was populated and under what environmental conditions. The Italian Culture Ministry announced the discovery Saturday, May 8, 2021, saying it confirmed that the Guattari Cave in San Felice Circeo, where a Neanderthal skull was discovered in 1939, was “one of the most significant places in the world for the history of Neanderthals.” (Emanuele Antonio Minerva/Italian Culture Ministry via AP)

Neanderthals died out roughly 40,000 years ago, but small traces of their DNA still exist in modern humans. 

The excavation work at the site started in 2019 and explored parts of the cave that hadn’t been studied before. 

Italian Culture Minister Dario Franceschini called the finding “an extraordinary discovery that will be the talk of the world.”

Archaeologists said the cave, which had been closed off by an ancient earthquake or landslide, perfectly preserved the environment of 50,000 years ago. 

In addition to the Neanderthal bones, the team of researchers unearthed many fossilized animal remains, including those of hyenas, elephants, rhinoceros and giant deer, among others.